村山 富市（むらやま とみいち、1924年（大正13年）3月3日 - ）は、日本の政治家。階級は陸軍軍曹。勲等は桐花大綬章。社会民主党名誉党首、学校法人明治大学顧問。
Tomiichi Murayama (村山 富市 Murayama Tomiichi, born 3 March 1924) is a retired Japanese politician who served as the 81st Prime Minister of Japan from 30 June 1994 to 11 January 1996. He was the head of the Social Democratic Party of Japan (until 1996, the Japan Socialist Party) and the first Socialist prime minister in nearly fifty years. He is most remembered today for his speech "On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the war's end," in which he publicly apologized for Japanese atrocities during World War II.
Murayama was born in Ōita Prefecture on 3 March 1924; his father was a fisherman. He graduated from Meiji University.
Murayama was appointed secretary of the labor union in his company and entered the Japan Socialist Party, which his union supported. He began his political career as a member of the Ōita city council in 1955 and went on to serve three terms. In 1963 his supporters urged him to be a candidate for the Ōita prefectural assembly. House of Representatives of Japan.
He was elected three times successively. In 1972 he was elected to the
Murayama was known as a tough negotiator with a calm personality. In 1991 he was appointed chairman of the Diet Affairs Committee of his party, one of the eminent posts in any Japanese political party. In August 1993 after the general election, the Japan Socialist Party joined the cabinet until 1994. In October of the same year he was elected the head of the party.
Murayama became prime minister on 30 June 1994.
The cabinet was based on a coalition consisting of the Japan Socialist Party, the Liberal Democratic Party, and the New Party Sakigake.
In 2000, he retired from politics. Murayama and Mutsuko Miki traveled to North Korea in 2000 to promote better bilateral relations between the two countries.
He became the president of the Asian Women's Fund, a quasi-government body that was set up to provide compensation for former comfort women. After providing compensation and working on various projects the fund was dissolved on 31 March 2007.
19th November 08