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> Japan > 政治家 > Social Democratic Party of Japan > Tomiichi Murayama
村山富市  村山富市 
村山富市 
引退した日本の政治家。 | A retired Japanese politician.
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説明候補の: 

村山富市

JPN:

 

村山 富市(むらやま とみいち、1924年(大正13年)3月3日 - )は、日本の政治家。階級は陸軍軍曹。勲等は桐花大綬章。社会民主党名誉党首、学校法人明治大学顧問。

 

大分県大分市議会議員(2期)、大分県議会議員(3期)、衆議院議員(8期)、衆議院物価問題等に関する特別委員長、日本社会党委員長(第13代)、内閣総理大臣(第81代)、社会民主党党首(初代)、社会民主党特別代表(初代)などを歴任した。

 

なお、2012年現在、大正生まれとしては最後の内閣総理大臣経験者である。日本社会党在籍歴を持つ内閣総理大臣としては、片山哲、鈴木善幸以来3人目であり、1955年以後で初の自民党在籍歴を持たない総理大臣であった。

 

ソース

 

 

ENG:

 

Tomiichi Murayama (村山 富市 Murayama Tomiichi, born 3 March 1924) is a retired Japanese politician who served as the 81st Prime Minister of Japan from 30 June 1994 to 11 January 1996. He was the head of the Social Democratic Party of Japan (until 1996, the Japan Socialist Party) and the first Socialist prime minister in nearly fifty years. He is most remembered today for his speech "On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the war's end," in which he publicly apologized for Japanese atrocities during World War II.

 

Murayama was born in Ōita Prefecture on 3 March 1924; his father was a fisherman. He graduated from Meiji University.

 

Political career

Murayama was appointed secretary of the labor union in his company and entered the Japan Socialist Party, which his union supported. He began his political career as a member of the Ōita city council in 1955 and went on to serve three terms. In 1963 his supporters urged him to be a candidate for the Ōita prefectural assembly. He was elected three times successively. In 1972 he was elected to the House of Representatives of Japan.

 

Murayama was known as a tough negotiator with a calm personality. In 1991 he was appointed chairman of the Diet Affairs Committee of his party, one of the eminent posts in any Japanese political party. In August 1993 after the general election, the Japan Socialist Party joined the cabinet until 1994. In October of the same year he was elected the head of the party.

 

Murayama became prime minister on 30 June 1994. The cabinet was based on a coalition consisting of the Japan Socialist Party, the Liberal Democratic Party, and the New Party Sakigake.

 

In 2000, he retired from politics. Murayama and Mutsuko Miki traveled to North Korea in 2000 to promote better bilateral relations between the two countries.

 

He became the president of the Asian Women's Fund, a quasi-government body that was set up to provide compensation for former comfort women. After providing compensation and working on various projects the fund was dissolved on 31 March 2007.

 

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19th November 08

updated: 2013-04-13

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