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> Japan > 政治家 > Democratic Party of Japan > Yoshihiko Noda
野田佳彦  野田佳彦 
野田佳彦 
日本の政治家。 | Japanese prominent politician.
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野田佳彦

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野田 佳彦(のだ よしひこ、1957年(昭和32年)5月20日 - )は日本の政治家。民主党所属の衆議院議員(6期)。民主党最高顧問。

 

千葉県議会議員(2期)、民主党国会対策委員長(第7代・第10代)、花斉会会長(初代)、財務副大臣、財務大臣(第14代)、内閣総理大臣(第95代)、民主党代表(第9代)などを歴任した。

 

2010年(平成22年)6月に鳩山が代表・首相辞任を表明して、6月8日に鳩山内閣は総辞職した。後継代表・首相には菅副総理兼財務相が就任して、菅内閣の財務相には野田が副大臣から昇格する形で就任した。初入閣での財務相就任は初めての例であり、戦後の大蔵大臣時代を含めても比較的異例である。

 

2011年(平成23年)8月29日に施行された代表選挙では、第1回目の投票で海江田の143票に次ぐ102票を獲得。過半数を獲得した候補がいなかったため決選投票となり、小沢への批判票を集めた野田が215票を獲得して177票を獲得した海江田を逆転し、第9代民主党代表に選出された。

 

2012年(平成24年)6月4日、再度内閣改造を行い、野田第2次改造内閣が発足した。防衛相に拓殖大学大学院教授の森本敏を初めて民間から起用した。森本の前任の一川保夫と田中直紀はともに問責決議を受けていたため、防衛相人事は野田にとって鬼門だと評された。この人事には与野党から批判の声が上がったが、元朝日新聞論説委員の薬師寺克行は「形式論的な指摘でしかなく、本質を突いた批判になっていない」と述べている。

 

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ENG:

 

Yoshihiko Noda (野田 佳彦 Noda Yoshihiko, born 20 May 1957) is a Japanese politician who was Prime Minister of Japan from 2011 to 2012. He is a member of the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), and a member of the House of Representatives (lower house) in the Diet (national legislature). He was named to succeed Naoto Kan as a result of a runoff vote against Banri Kaieda in his party, and was formally appointed by the Emperor on 2 September 2011.

 

Following a severe loss for the DPJ in the December 2012 general election, Noda conceded defeat and announced his resignation as party leader. He was succeeded by Shinzō Abe as Prime Minister on 26 December 2012.

 

Biography

Noda was born in Funabashi, Chiba on 20 May 1957, the son of a paratrooper in the Japan Self-Defense Forces. Unlike many prominent Japanese politicians, Noda has no family connections to Nagatachō. His parents were too poor to pay for a wedding reception.

 

In 1993, he was elected to the Diet for first time representing Chiba's Lower House District #4 as a member of the now-defunct Japan New Party. He later joined the DPJ and served as its Diet affairs chief as well as head of the party's public relations office. Noda acted as senior vice finance minister when the DPJ won control of the Diet in September 2009.

 

In his first speech as Prime Minister on 2 September 2011, Noda confirmed that the Japanese government will continue to phase out nuclear power, by not building new nuclear power plants nor extending the life spans of outdated ones. In May, 2012, nuclear power plants which were sitting idle in the wake of the Fukushima disaster were restarted in order to help Japan's immediate demands for energy, despite the overwhelming public opposition.

 

On 14 November 2012, Noda stated that the diet would be dissolved on 16 November 2012, and the election would be held on 16 December 2012. Given the DPJ's poor figures in the polls. many members of the DPJ were opposed to this, including General Secretary Azuma Koshiishi, and there was talk among some DPJ members of trying to oust Noda before the next election.

 

On 21 September 2012, Noda won the DPJ's leadership bi-annual election by 818 points out of 1,231. He then said: "I would like to beef up our teamwork so that we can shift the DPJ once again to make it a fighting force that can serve Japan. [I promise to] sweat with all of you to make a vigorous Japan together. The real reform Japan needs is decisive politics when we face issues that need to be decided." His result was seen as more certain after Environment Minister Goshi Hosono stepped back from standing in the election. He defeated former agriculture ministers Michihiko Kano and Hirotaka Akamatsu, as well as former internal affairs minister Kazuhiro Haraguchi.

 

source

29 August 2011

updated: 2013-04-08

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