麻生 太郎（あそう たろう、1940年（昭和15年）9月20日 - ）は、日本の政治家、実業家。自由民主党所属の衆議院議員（11期）、為公会（麻生派）会長。副総理・財務大臣（第17代）・金融担当大臣（第18代）。
Tarō Asō (麻生 太郎 Asō Tarō, born 20 September 1940) was the 92nd Prime Minister of Japan serving from September 2008 to September 2009, and was defeated in the August 2009 election.
He has served in the House of Representatives since 1979. He was Minister for Foreign Affairs from 2005 to 2007, and was Secretary-General of the LDP briefly in 2007 and in 2008. He was President of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) from 2008 to 2009. His successor, Sadakazu Tanigaki, was chosen on 28 September 2009.
After the LDP's victory in the 2012 general election under Shinzō Abe he was appointed to the cabinet as Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Finance, and State Minister for Financial Services. He has held the positions since 26 December 2012.
Asō, a Roman Catholic, was born in Iizuka, Fukuoka on 20 September 1940. His father, Takakichi Asō, was the chairman of the Aso Cement Company and a close associate of Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka; his mother Kazuko Asō was Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida's daughter. Taro is also a great-great-grandson of Ōkubo Toshimichi, and his current wife, Chikako is the third daughter of Prime Minister Zenkō Suzuki. His younger sister, Princess Tomohito of Mikasa, is cousin-in-law of Emperor Akihito.
Asō first graduated from the Faculty of Politics and Economics at Gakushuin University. He then studied in the United States at Stanford University, but was cut off by his family, who feared he was becoming too Americanized. After making his way back to Japan on a ship, he left once more to study at the London School of Economics.
Asō was elected as a member of the House of Representatives in October 1979, and has since been re-elected eight times. In 1988, he became Parliamentary Vice Minister for Education. He joined the Cabinet of Jun'ichirō Koizumi in 2003 as Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications. On 31 October 2005, he became Minister for Foreign Affairs.
On 14 September 2007, shortly after Abe announced his resignation, Asō announced his candidacy to replace Abe as Prime Minister. Asō was initially considered to be a leading candidate for the position but was soon eclipsed by Yasuo Fukuda, a more "dovish" politician supported by Nobutaka Machimura, Fukushi
ro Nukaga, and reportedly by Koizumi as well. On 1 August 2008, Fukuda appointed Asō as Secretary-General of LDP, a move that solidified Asō's position as the number two man in the party.
19th November 08