民主党（みんしゅとう、英語: Democratic Party of Japan）は、日本の政党。略称は民主、DPJ。
政治的思想・立場 民主中道 中道左派（概要参照） 共生主義
The Democratic Party of Japan (民主党 Minshutō) is a Centre-left political party in Japan founded in 1998 by the merger of several opposition parties. After the 2009 election the DPJ became the ruling party in the House of Representatives, defeating the long-dominant Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and gaining the largest number of seats in both the House of Representatives and the House of Councillors.
After winning a landslide victory in 2009, it was ousted from government by the LDP in the 2012 general election. It retained 57 seats in the lower house, and still had 88 seats in the upper house. During its time in office, the DPJ implemented a number of progressive measures such as the provision of free public schooling through high school and increases in child-rearing subsidies.
It is not to be confused with the now-defunct Japan Democratic Party that merged with the Liberal Party in 1955 to form the Liberal Democratic Party. It is also different from another Democratic Party, which was established in 1947 and dissolved in 1950.
President: Banri Kaieda
Secretary General: Goshi Hosono
Spokesperson: Yoshiaki Takaki
Councilors Leader: Azuma Koshiishi
Founded: January 8, 1998
Political ideology: Liberalism, Social liberalism, Neoliberalism, Anti-Bureaucracy
19th November 08