日本共産党（にほんきょうさんとう、英語: Japanese Communist Party）は、1922年に設立された日本の政党。略称は共産党、共産、JCP。
治的思想・立場 社会主義 共産主義 科学的社会主義 左翼ナショナリズム
The Japanese Communist Party (JCP, Japanese: 日本共産党, Nihon Kyōsan-tō) is a left-wing political party in Japan.
The JCP advocates the establishment of a society based on socialism, democracy and peace, and opposition to militarism. It proposes to achieve these objectives by working within the framework of capitalism in order to achieve its goals, while still struggling against what it describes as "imperialism and its subordinate ally, monopoly capital." Although it is a Marxist party, the JCP does not advocate socialist revolution; it proposes a "democratic revolution" to achieve "democratic change in politics and the economy", and "the complete restoration of Japan's national sovereignty", which it sees as infringed by Japan's security alliance with the United States although it firmly defends Article 9 of the Constitution of Japan.
Following the most recent general election, held on December 16 2012, the party held eight seats in the lower house and six in the upper house.
President: Kazuo Shii
Secretary General: Tadayoshi Ichida
Ideology: Eurocommunism, Marxism, Scientific socialism
19th November 08